Massacred for Gold, The Chinese In Hells Canyon by R. Gregory Nokes

ColoradoSprings(科罗拉多斯普林斯)
Colorado Springs, also known as Colorado Springs, is the second largest city in Colorado and the 40th largest city in the United States. It is also the capital of El Paso County. According to the estimate of the U.S. Census Bureau in 2016, Colorado Springs has a population of about 465101. It is located about 100 kilometers south of Denver, the largest city in Colorado, and about 101 kilometers (63 miles) east of the geographical center of Colorado. The average altitude of the city is more than 1 mile, 1839 meters. It is also a "Mile High City". The whole city is located at the foot of the famous Pikes Peak and the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains.
科罗拉多斯普林斯(英语:Colorado Springs)又名科罗拉多泉,是美国科罗拉多州的第二大、美国第40大城市,也是艾尔帕索县的首府。根据美国人口普查局2016年的估计,科罗拉多斯普林斯市约有人口46万5101人。它位于科罗拉多州最大城市丹佛约100公里的南方,距离科罗拉多州地理中心东方约101公里(63英里)。城市平均海拔超过1英哩,为1839米,也是一个“哩高城”。整个城市位于著名的派克斯峰(Pikes Peak)山脚,洛矶山脉的东部边缘。
Sebastian(塞巴斯蒂安)
San Sebastian is a city built on a bay with 185000 permanent residents. This is an elegant, modern and eye-catching city. It is also a perfect city to enjoy high-quality life. Thanks to the beautiful bay on which the city depends, San Sebastian has low urban thermal cycle effect, mild climate in winter and cool in summer. It is a very unpopular resort. San Sebastian not only faces the sea, but is surrounded by mountains on three sides: Urgur mountain is located on the coast of the city center; The romantic mount Uriah stretches eastward to the small town of pasea; Adala mountain is located in the south of the city; Mount iguerdo overlooks the entire Gulf region from the West. Saint Sebastian was rated as "the cultural capital of Europe in 2016" and put forward the concept of "waves of people's energy". This basic concept clearly conveys the "soul" of the "2016 San Sebastian" project: the flow of people and residents is the main driving force for all changes and innovations in the world. Man also provides the main energy for the development and progress of society. In short, residents play a leading role in seeking solutions to new global problems. Many Michelin star restaurants gather in the city and surrounding areas of St. Sebastian, among which arzak (St. Sebastian), berasategi (LaSalle) and Akelarre (iguerdo region) are very loud names in the world's high-end food industry. In addition, you can taste snacks similar to tapas in many pubs in the old city of St. Bastian, which is locally called pintxos. The city is also known by the world for the Sebastian International Film Festival held every September.
圣塞巴斯蒂安是一座建在海湾上的城市,常住居民十八万五千人。这是一个优雅、现代、养眼的城市,也是享受高质量生活的完美城市。得益于城市所依靠的美丽海湾,圣塞巴斯蒂安的城市热循环效应很低,气候冬天温和夏天凉爽,是十分非受欢迎的度假胜地。圣塞巴斯蒂安不仅面朝大海,且三面环山:乌尔古尔山坐落在市中心的海岸边;充满浪漫色彩的乌利亚山向东延绵至小镇帕赛阿;阿达拉山位于城市南部;伊古埃尔多山从西边俯瞰着整个海湾地区。圣塞巴斯蒂安被评为“2016年欧洲文化之都”,并借此提出了“人类能量之浪”(Waves of people’s energy)的概念。这个基本概念将“2016圣塞巴斯蒂安”项目的“灵魂”清晰地传递了出来:人和居民的流动是世界上一切变化和革新的主要动力。人也为社会的发展进步提供了主要的能量。简而言之,居民在寻求新全球问题的解决方案过程中扮演着领导性的作用。圣塞巴斯蒂安的城市和周边地区聚集了众多的米其林星级餐厅,其中Arzak(圣塞巴斯蒂安)、Berasategi(拉萨尔特)、Akelarre(伊古埃尔多地区)都是在世界高端美食届十分响亮的名字。除此之外,在圣巴斯蒂安老城区的众多小酒馆内,都可以品尝到类似于塔帕斯的小吃,这类小吃在当地被称为Pintxos。这座城市还因于每年9月份举办的塞巴斯蒂安国际电影节而被世界所熟知。
Tampa(坦帕)
Tampa is a seaport city on the West Bank of Florida Peninsula in the United States. It belongs to Hillsborough County. It is located at the entrance of Hillsborough, adjacent to Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. According to the U.S. census data, the population of Tampa reached 493500 (2013), and the urban agglomeration includes St. Petersburg and Clearwater, with a population of 2.7 million (2010). Tampa St Petersburg Shimizu urban agglomeration includes Hillsborough and other two counties, covering an area of 2077.9 square kilometers. On December 26, 2019, it ranked 137th on the list of global top 500 cities in 2019.
坦帕(Tampa)是位于美国佛罗里达半岛西岸海港城市,属希尔斯伯勒县(Hillsborough County),位于希尔斯伯勒(Hillsborough)入海口,临坦帕湾,外连墨西哥湾。根据美国人口普查数据,坦帕市的人口达到49.35万人(2013年),城市群包括圣彼得堡(St. Petersburg)和清水(Clearwater),其人口270万(2010)。坦帕-圣彼得斯堡-清水城市群包括希尔斯伯勒等2郡,面积2077.9平方公里。2019年12月26日,位列2019年全球城市500强榜单第137名。
Valdosta(瓦尔多斯塔)
Waldesta is located in Georgia.
瓦尔德斯塔位于乔治亚州。
WarnerRobins(华纳罗宾斯)
Warner Robins, Georgia is one of the cities located in Houston County, Georgia, with an area of 59 square kilometers. According to the 2000 census, the city has a total population of 48804. The city used to be called York (York) during World War II, in order to ensure the settlement of a military base for army aviation, it was renamed after brigadier general Warner Robbins. When the U.S. Air Force was founded in 1947, the base was named Robbins air force base. The base is the largest employer in Georgia, with more than 21000 employees, most of whom are non military official Clerk.
华纳罗宾斯市 (Warner Robins, Georgia) 是一个位于美国乔治亚州休斯顿郡的城市之一, 面积59平方公里,根据2000 年的人口普查这座城市有总人口48,804人。这座城市原来名为约克 (York), 二次世界大战期间,为了确保一个陆军航空兵的军事基地在此落户,它被重新以陆军准将华纳罗宾斯的名字命名。当一九四七年美国空军创立时,基地被命名为罗宾斯空军基地,该基地是美国乔治亚州最大的雇主,有超过 21,000 员工,大部分为非军人的公务员。
Atlanta(亚特兰大)
Atlanta is located in the east of the United States and on the platform at the foot of the Appalachian Mountains at an altitude of 350 meters. It is one of the three highland cities in the United States. It is the county government residence of Fulton County. It is the 9th metropolitan area in the United States. It is also the capital of Georgia and the largest industrial and commercial city in the United States. As a railway hub, Atlanta's development began in the early 19th century. It was destroyed during the civil war, but quickly rebuilt after being elected as the state capital. In the 20th century, it was the center of the American civil rights movement and hosted the 26th Summer Olympic Games (1996 Atlanta Olympic Games), which was also the Centennial Olympic Games. Atlanta is the gathering place of the top ten rich in the United States. There are many rich people with more than ten million dollars in the United States. In 2013, Atlanta was rated by time magazine as the largest city for wealthy Americans to start a business. It covers an area of more than 350 square kilometers, has a population of more than 500000, and has 5 million urban areas, of which blacks account for 52%. It is not only a famous historical city, but also an emerging industrial and commercial city and cultural, medical and health center. Built as a railway terminal in 1836, it was a strategic place for the Southern Army during the Civil War (1861-1865). Destroyed in the civil war and rebuilt later. Land and air transportation and financial center in the southeastern United States. In the past 20 years, with the southward migration of industry and Commerce and population in the north, it has developed rapidly, including aircraft, automobile, fiber, machinery, steel, food and other industries. Delta Airlines and Coca Cola are headquartered here. There are Emory University (the latest ranking of us news is No. 21 [1]), Georgia Institute of Technology (the latest ranking of us news is No. 29) and Georgia State University. Nearby universities are the University of Georgia (the latest ranking of us news is No. 54). Many museums and parks. Tourism is developed. It became a sister city with Chengdu on September 6, 2007.
亚特兰大(Atlanta)位于美国东部,坐落在海拔350米的阿巴拉契亚山麓的台地上,是美国三大高地城市之一,是富尔顿县的县政府驻地,是美国第9大都市区,亦是美国佐治亚州首府和最大的工商业城市。作为一个铁路枢纽,亚特兰大的发展始于19世纪早期,在南北战争时期被摧毁,但在被选为州府后迅速重建。20世纪,它是美国民权运动的中心,并举办了1996年第26届夏季奥林匹克运动会(1996年亚特兰大奥运会),此届运动会同时也是百年奥运会。亚特兰大是美国十大富豪集聚地,这里生活着众多美国的千万美元以上的大富豪。2013年,亚特兰大被时代杂志评为美国富人最想创业的大城市。面积为350多平方公里,人口50多万,大市区500万,其中黑人占52%。它既是一座历史名城,也是一个新兴的工商业城市和文化、医疗卫生中心。1836年作为铁路终点站而兴建,是南北战争(1861-1865)时南方军的战略要地。毁于南北战争,后再重建。美国东南部陆空交通要地、金融中心。近20年来,随北方工商业和人口南迁,发展迅速,有飞机、汽车、纤维、机械、钢铁、食品等工业。达美航空公司和可口可乐公司总部设此。有艾默里大学(US NEWS最新排名居第21位 [1] ),佐治亚理工学院(US NEWS最新排名居第29位)和佐治亚州立大学,邻近大学有佐治亚大学(US NEWS最新排名居第54位)。多博物馆和公园。旅游业发达。2007年9月6日与我国成都市结为友好城市。
Augusta(奥古斯塔)
Augusta is a city located in kennabek County, Maine. It was built in 1621 and became the state capital in 1831. It is also the capital of Maine and the county seat of kennabek county. It is located at the navigable end of the kennibek river. According to the 2000 census, Augusta has 18560 citizens. Wood, pulp, papermaking, fiber, shoemaking and other industries are developed. Nearby are typical New England landscapes, forested hills and beautiful glacial lakes. Summer resort. The geographical location of Augusta is 44 ° 19'25 "north latitude and 69 ° 45'55" west longitude. It is the easternmost state capital of the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the area of Augusta is 150.9 square kilometers, of which 143.4 square kilometers is land area and 7.5 square kilometers (4.98%) is water surface.
奥古斯塔(Augusta)是位于美国缅因州肯纳贝克县的一座城市,1621年始建,1831年成为州首府。也是缅因州的首府和肯纳贝克县的县治所在。它位于肯尼贝克河的通航终点。按照2000年的人口普查奥古斯塔有18,560名市民。 木材、纸浆、造纸、纤维、制鞋等工业发达。附近为典型的新英格兰景观,多森林覆盖的丘陵和美丽的冰川湖。夏季疗养地。奥古斯塔的地理位置是北纬44°19'25",西经69°45'55",是美国最东边的州府。按照美国人口调查局的数据奥古斯塔的面积为150.9平方公里,其中143.4平方公里是陆地面积,7.5平方公里(4.98%)是水面。
Macon(梅肯)
Macon, USA. A city of central Georgia on both banks of the okmlgee River, 125 kilometers southeast of Atlanta. With a population of 150000, blacks account for more than one third. Built in 1823. Transportation hub. In the early days, cotton weaving industry was developed. Now, in addition to the developed textile industry, there are many industries such as agricultural machinery, automobile and aircraft parts, fertilizer, flour, food processing, pottery (high-quality pottery produced nearby).
梅肯(Macon),美国。乔治亚州中部城市,跨奥克姆尔吉河两岸,在亚特兰大东南125公里。人口15万,黑人占三分之一以上。建于1823年。运输枢纽。早期棉织业已发达,现除发达的纺织工业外,还有农机具、汽车和飞机零件、肥料、面粉、食品加工、陶器(附近产优质陶土)等多种工业。
Champaign-Urbana(香槟分校)
The University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (UIUC), founded in 1867, is located in the quiet twin cities of Urbana Champaign, Illinois. It is a famous public research university in the United States. The school is a founding member of the "big ten" and a member of the American Association of universities (AAU), known as the "public Ivy League". Among the alumni and professors, 30 won the Nobel Prize and 25 won the Pulitzer Prize, second only to the University of California, Berkeley. UIUC engineering enjoys a high reputation in the world. Almost all majors rank among the top 10 in the United States, including electrical, civil engineering, materials and environment; Second in Computer Science in the United States; The major of information science ranks first in the United States all the year round; Accounting majors rank among the top three in the United States. UIUC alumni have created or participated in the creation of world-famous companies and it products such as Tesla, Oracle, youtube, PayPal, AMD and yelp, as well as programming languages such as JavaScript and swift. The University also has the second largest university library in the United States.
伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,缩写为UIUC)创建于1867年,坐落于伊利诺伊州幽静的双子城厄巴纳–香槟市,是一所美国著名公立研究型大学。该校是美国“十大联盟(Big Ten)”创始成员,美国大学协会(AAU)成员,被誉为“公立常春藤” 。校友和教授中有30位获得诺贝尔奖,25位获得普利策奖,在美国公立大学中仅次于加州大学伯克利分校。UIUC工科专业在全球享有盛誉,几乎所有专业均位列全美前十 ,其中电气、土木、材料、环境位列全美前五;计算机专业全美第二;信息科学专业常年位居全美第一;会计学专业位列全美前三 。UIUC校友创建或参与创建了特斯拉、甲骨文(Oracle)、Youtube、Paypal、AMD、Yelp等世界知名的公司和IT产品,以及JavaScript、Swift等编程语言。该校还拥有全美第二大大学图书馆。
Cairo(开罗)
Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة; Cairo), the capital and largest city of Egypt, is also the largest city in Africa and the Arab world. Across the Nile River, the city is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the whole Middle East, located in the northeast of Egypt. Across the Nile River, Cairo is magnificent and spectacular. It is the political, economic, cultural and commercial center of the whole Middle East region. Cairo is composed of Cairo Province, Giza province and qaljub Province, commonly known as greater Cairo. The highest average temperature in summer is 34.2 ℃ and the lowest is 20.8 ℃; In winter, the maximum temperature is 19.9 ℃ and the minimum temperature is 9.7 ℃. Cairo is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is also a rare ancient city in the world that has suffered the least war damage. Moreover, through the continuous construction and expansion of dynasties and governments, this ancient and modern big city has been formed. Cairo is located at the southern end of the Nile Delta. Most of Cairo has a subtropical desert climate. In Cairo, mosques and minarets can be seen everywhere. In Arabic, the minaret is called "minar", which refers to the place where the preacher stands and calls people to pray. Since the 7th century, with the wide spread of Islam in West Asia and North Africa, the art of mosque architecture has developed continuously, and the minaret has evolved into various styles, becoming an indispensable part of mosque architecture and a highlight of Cairo city. On November 29, 2019, Egyptian Airlines opened a direct flight from Hangzhou to Cairo. On December 26, 2019, it ranked 97th on the list of global top 500 cities in 2019.
开罗(阿拉伯语:القاهرة;英语:Cairo),属埃及首都及最大城市,也是非洲及阿拉伯世界最大城市。城市横跨尼罗河,为整个中东地区的政治、经济、文化和交通中心,位于埃及的东北部。开罗横跨尼罗河,气魄雄伟,风貌壮观,是整个中东地区的政治、经济、文化和商业中心。开罗由开罗省、吉萨省和盖勒尤卜省组成,通称大开罗。夏季平均气温最高34.2℃,最低20.8℃;冬季最高19.9℃,最低9.7℃。开罗是世界上最古老的城市之一。也是当今世界上少有的遭受战争破坏最少的古城。而且经历代王朝和政府不断修建和扩建﹐形成这个古今并存、互相辉映的大城市。开罗位于尼罗河三角洲的南端,开罗大部分地区属于亚热带沙漠气候。在开罗,随处可见的建筑物是清真寺和宣礼塔。在阿拉伯语中,宣礼塔称之为“米纳尔”,指宣礼员站着呼唤人们祈祷的地方。从7世纪起,随着伊斯兰教在西亚、北非一带广泛传播,清真寺建筑艺术不断发展,宣礼塔也演变为各种不同的式样,成为清真寺建筑不可缺少的一个组成部分、开罗城区的一大亮点。2019年11月29日,埃及航空开通杭州直飞开罗航线。2019年12月26日,位列2019年全球城市500强榜单第97名。
ChicagoSuburbs(芝加哥郊区)
Chicago, located in the south of Lake Michigan, is the third largest city in the United States and one of the international financial centers in the world. Chicago is located in the center of the North American continent. The coordinates of the city center are 41 ° 39 'north latitude and 87 ° 34' west longitude. It is the largest business center and one of the largest futures markets in the United States. The number of new enterprises in its metropolitan area has always ranked first in the United States and has been rated as the most balanced economy in the United States. In addition, Chicago also has many tall buildings, known as "the hometown of skyscrapers". As of July 2018, the population of Chicago was about 2706000. Chicago is one of the most important cultural, scientific and educational centers in the United States. It has the world's top universities, the University of Chicago, Northwest University and the world-famous Chicago school. As of October 2019, more than 100 Nobel laureates have worked and studied in Chicago (100 at the University of Chicago and 19 at Northwestern University). Chicago is a tourist destination. In 2016, it received more than 50 million tourists from all over the world. The time zone of Central American time represented by Chicago is UTC / gmt-6 (West Zone 6), which is 14 hours different from Beijing time at UTC / GMT + 8 (East Zone 8) (13 hours different from Chicago daylight saving time). In 2016, Chicago's GDP reached US $537.3 billion.
芝加哥(Chicago),位于美国密歇根湖的南部,是美国第三大城市,也是世界的国际金融中心之一。芝加哥地处北美大陆的中心地带,城市中心坐标为北纬41°39′、西经87°34′,是美国最大的商业中心区和最大的期货市场之一,其都市区新增的企业数一直位居美国第一位,被评为美国发展最均衡的经济体。此外,芝加哥还拥有很多的高楼大厦,被誉为“摩天大楼的故乡”。截止至2018年7月,芝加哥人口约为270.6万。芝加哥是美国最重要的文化科教中心之一,拥有世界顶级学府芝加哥大学(The University of Chicago)、西北大学(Northwestern University)和享誉世界的芝加哥学派。截止至2019年10月,逾百位诺贝尔奖得主曾在芝加哥工作、求学过(芝加哥大学100位、西北大学19位)。芝加哥是旅游圣地,2016年共接待全世界超过5000万名游客。芝加哥代表的美国中部时间所在的时区是UTC/GMT-6(西六区),与处在UTC/GMT+8(东八区)北京时间相差14小时(芝加哥夏令时期间相差13小时)。2016年,芝加哥地区生产总值达到了5373亿美元。
LaSalle(拉萨尔)
LaSalle county (Illinois) is a county in North Central Illinois. It covers an area of 2973 square kilometers. According to the 2000 census of the United States, there are 111509 people. Ottawa county (Ottawa). Founded on January 15, 1831. The county name commemorates the French explorer Ren é - Robert cavelier, Sieur De La Salle.
拉萨尔县(LaSalle County, Illinois)是美国伊利诺伊州中北部的一个县。面积2,973平方公里。根据美国2000年人口普查,共有人口111,509人。县治渥太华 (Ottawa)。成立于1831年1月15日。县名纪念法国探险家拉萨尔爵士(René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle)。
Evanston(埃文斯顿)
Evanston is a city in Cook County, Illinois. It is close to Chicago in the south, Skokie in the west, Wilmette in the north and Lake Michigan in the East. The city has a total area of about 20.3 square kilometers and a population of about 74360 in 2003. It became a residential area in 1826 and was established in 1892. Industries mainly include printing, food, medical equipment, radio and television. Northwest University, a famous private university, is located near the city center. Evanston was originally a settlement around Northwestern University (built in 1851). In 1857, in memory of John Evans, one of the founders of Northwestern University, the city was named Evanston.
埃文斯顿是美国伊利诺伊州库克郡的一个城市,南部紧邻芝加哥市,西部接Skokie,北面为Wilmette,东面是密歇根湖。该市总面积约20.3平方公里,2003年人口约为74360人。1826年成为居民点,1892年建市。工业主要有印刷、食品、医疗设备、无线电和电视机等。著名私立大学西北大学(Northwestern University)坐落在市中心附近。埃文斯顿最初为围绕在西北大学(1851年建)周围的聚落。1857年,为纪念西北大学创立者之一的约翰·埃文斯(John Evans),城市命名为埃文斯顿(Evanston)。
CedarRapids(锡达拉皮兹)
Cedar Rapids, located in the east of Iowa, is the second largest city in Iowa and one of the important export cities in the United States. The city is located on both banks of Sida River, 164 kilometers northeast of Des Moines, the state capital. The population is 126326 (2010). The municipal government is located on mays island on the Sida river. Cedar Rapids is one of the few cities in the world where the government is located on the municipal island. As the prosperous art and cultural center of East Iowa, the city has Cedar Rapids Museum of art, the national Czech & Slovak Museum & Library, the paramount theater, the Cedar Rapids and the Iowa cultural corridor (the Iowa cultural corridor alliance). Since the 1990s, sidarapiz's Hollywood stars include Ashton Kutcher, Elijah wook, Ron Livingston, etc. the city is also the musical the Pajama Game and the comedy sidarapiz A good viewfinder.
锡达拉皮兹(Cedar Rapids),位于美国爱荷华州东部,是爱荷华州第二大城市,美国重要的出口城市之一。城市坐落于锡达河两岸,在州府得梅因(Des Moines)东北164公里处。人口12万6326(2010)。市政府坐落在锡达河上的梅斯岛(Mays Island)上,锡达拉皮兹是世界上为数不多的政府位于市属岛上的城市之一。作为东爱荷华繁荣的艺术与文化重心,该城拥有锡达拉皮兹艺术博物馆(Cedar Rapids Museum of Art),国立捷克与斯洛伐克博物图书馆(the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library),派拉蒙影院(the Paramount Theatre),锡达拉皮兹影院(Theatre Cedar Rapids)以及爱荷华文化长廊(the Iowa Cultural Corridor Alliance)。从上世纪九十年代至今,锡达拉皮兹在好莱坞的影星有阿什顿·库彻(Ashton Kutcher)伊利亚·伍德(Elijah Wook)与罗恩·利文斯顿(Ron Livingston)等人。该城也是音乐剧《睡衣游戏》(The Pajama Game)和喜剧电影《锡达拉皮兹》的取景地。
FortDodge(道奇堡)
A city in Iowa. It is 144 kilometers northwest of Des Moines, near the Des Moines River. Population 29000 (1980). The fortress was built in 1850 and became a city in 1869. Railway hub. There are many agricultural products around, and the gypsum deposit in the southeast of the city is 78 square kilometers. The main industries include agricultural machinery factory, chemical fertilizer factory, meat processing factory, fish incubation factory, brick factory, dairy factory, gypsum powder factory, etc.
美国爱荷华州城市。在得梅因市西北144公里处,临得梅因河。人口2.9万(1980)。1850年建要塞,1869年成市。铁路枢纽。周围多农产品,市东南的石膏矿床广达78平方公里。主要工业有农机厂、化肥厂、肉类加工厂、鱼孵化厂、制砖厂、乳制品厂、石膏粉厂等。
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